Home : Units : Major Separate Commands : 85th Troop Command : 1-102nd Infantry Battalion (Mountain)


To close with and destroy enemy forces using fire, maneuver, and shock effect, or to repel his assault by fire and counterattack.


New Haven (Headquarters)
New Britain


(Courtesy of Historian Mr. Steven Frank.) The 1-102d Infantry Battalion has a very rich heritage worthy of recognition and is typical of the Army National Guard in that it carries the lineage of a variety of other units reflecting the cyclical growth and contraction of Connecticut’s National Guard force structure (similar to the British Army regiments).  The below compilation primarily reflects events and campaigns acknowledged by the U.S. Army Center of Military History (CMH) for the 102d Infantry Regiment – of which the 1-102d is the only battalion on active service. The battalion may also claim some heritage that is not officially recognized, but that reflects pride in the state’s military accomplishments.

Mottos:  “Stand Forth,”  the “New Haven Grays,” “1st & 2d Connecticut”
Distinctive Unit Insignia Symbology:  The British lion represents Revolutionary War service against the British; the blue saltire, Civil War service with the Union; the cactus, service along the Mexican border in 1916; and the fleur-de-lis, service in France during World War I. The white shield represents Infantry. 
Colonial Militia:  The Connecticut militia (then known as “trained bands”) was first organized in 1636, however, CMH credits the formal organization of the Connecticut Militia into regiments in 1672 to be the birth of the 102d – thus 2022 will mark the Regiment’s 350th anniversary.  The regiment saw service during King Philip’s War (1675 to 1676) and participated in the decisive “Great Swamp Fight,” which tipped the balance of power in New England in favor of the colonists. (US Army does not award campaign recognition to engagements prior to the Revolutionary War). 

Revolutionary War:  Now known as the 1st and 2nd Regiments of the Connecticut Militia, the units were often called into active service and fought in New York and Connecticut earning eight campaign streamers – including Saratoga. 

War of 1812:  Units of the Connecticut militia were called to duty during the War to provide coastal security but did not engage in combat. 

Mexican-American War:  Once again, the 1st and 2d Regiments were called to state duty during the War but did not deploy to Mexico nor participate in combat. 

Civil War:  The Regiments did not serve outside of the state, however they contributed companies and individual replacements to a dozen Connecticut Volunteer Infantry (CTVI) Regiments, thus reflecting the geographic diversity of the 21 campaign streamers carried.  Of note, the 14th CTVI helped repulse Pickett’s Charge at Gettysburg where the Regimental Sergeant Major earned the Medal of Honor by seizing a Confederate battle flag at the height of the assault. 

Spanish-American War:  Again called to duty, however hostilities ended before they were to deploy to Puerto Rico. The 1st and 2d Connecticut Infantry Regiments were federalized in 1916 to serve on the Mexican border in response to cross-border attacks by Mexican bandits and insurrectionists (the most famous being Pancho Villa).  The Regiments spent four months patrolling in New Mexico - gaining invaluable experience that provided a core of seasoned NCOs and Officers as the units were again federalized four months later for the First World War. 

World War One:  During the First World War the now renamed 102d Infantry Regiment served as part of the 26th “Yankee” Division from New England.  The 26th was the first National Guard division to arrive in Europe, the first AEF Division to fight in a major engagement (Seicheprey), and spent more time in the front lines than any other American division except the 1st.  The 102d and 26th adapted well to the challenges of the western front and had a knack for tactical innovation in spite of  General Pershing’s disdain for the National Guard and the 26th Division in particular. 
  • The most famous member of the 102d Infantry during the First World War was the unit’s mascot, a stray dog from New Haven who had been smuggled to France with the Regiment.  “SGT Stubby” served in the front lines, was wounded twice, and is credited with capturing a German infiltrator.  After the war Stubby returned to Connecticut and became a national celebrity - following his death in 1926, he received a half page obituary in the New York Times.  Stubby’s remains are on display at the Smithsonian Institution. 

World War Two:  During the Second World War, the 102d served independently as a garrison unit in the Pacific Theater (Christmas and Canton Islands) and did not see any direct combat.  The plethora of WWII campaign streamers the Regiment carries was earned by the following units later absorbed into the 102d: 191st Independent Tank Battalion, Italy and France; 963d Field Artillery Battalion in Northwest Europe with XIXth Corps Artillery; and the 169th Infantry Regiment with the Pacific Theater’s 43d Infantry Division. 
  • The 169th had a particularly distinguished combat record – starting off when one of its men shot down an attacking Japanese aircraft while manning a troop ship .50 cal machinegun.  The Regiment went on to earn a Distinguished (now known as Presidential) Unit Citation in the hills of Luzon where one of their NCOs also earned the Medal of Honor. 
Cold War:  The 102d was attached to the 43d Infantry Division following WWII.  One of four National Guard Divisions activated during the Korean War, the 43d was deployed to Bavaria, West Germany, for three years before being released back to state control.
Global War on Terror:  The Battalion has deployed twice to Afghanistan – the first time in 2006-2007, and again in 2010.  The Battalion was realigned with the 86th Infantry Brigade Combat Team (VTARNG) in 2007, becoming one of only three “Mountain Infantry” battalions in the US Army. 
  • In 2016, the 86th IBCT and 1-102 IN officially became Associated units of the 10th Mountain Division, replacing the Active Duty 3d BDE, which in turn became part of the 36th Infantry Division (TXARNG).
  • The 1-102d IN BN was mobilized on March 2021 to serve as the CJTF-HOA security force
Revolutionary War (8)                                                     Civil War (21)
Saratoga                                                          Bull Run                                  South Carolina 1861
New York 1776                                               Antietam                                  South Carolina 1862
New York 1777                                               Fredericksburg                        South Carolina 1863
Connecticut 1777                                            Chancellorsville                      Georgia 1862
Connecticut 1778                                            Gettysburg                             Georgia 1864
Connecticut 1779                                            Mississippi River                    Florida 1863
Connecticut 1780                                            Cold Harbor                            Florida 1864
Connecticut 1781                                            Atlanta                                    Virginia 1863
                                                                        Petersburg                             Virginia 1864
World War One (8)                                        Appomattox                            Tennessee 1864
Champagne-Marne                                                                                       North Carolina 1865
St. Mihiel                                                                          World War Two (13)
Oise-Aisne                                                       Guadalcanal                           Normandy      
Meuse Argonne                                               New Guinea                            Northern France
Champagne 1918                                            Northern Solomons                Rhineland
Ile de France 1918                                           Luzon (with arrowhead)         Ardennes-Alsace
Lorraine 1918                                                  Naples-Foggia                       Central Europe

                                                                        Anzio (with Arrowhead)          Rome-Arno                             
                                                                       Southern France (with arrowhead) 

War on Terrorism – Afghanistan (2)          
Consolidation II                                              
Consolidation III
Presidential Unit Citation (Army), Streamer embroidered:  LUZON (earned by 169th IN RGT)
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered:  AFGHANISTAN 2006-2007 (earned by 1-102 IN BN)
Meritorious Unit Commendation (Army), Streamer embroidered:  AFGHANISTAN 2010 (earned by 1-102 IN BN)
French Croix de Guerre with Palm, World War I, Streamer embroidered:  AISNE-MARNE (earned by the 1-102 IN BN)
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation, Streamer embroidered:  17 OCTOBER 1944 TO 4 JULY 1945 (earned by 169th IN RGT)